Following an analysis of the files received by the Centre for Alternative Dispute Resolution, consumer demands, clauses that lead to triggering disputes, CSALB decided to improve the alternative procedures for dispute resolutions. The purpose of the amendments is to adapt the existing procedures to the specific of disputes, to simplify them so that they are easily understood by consumers, retailers and conciliators.

Among the changes made:

  • A. Procedures for Dispute Settlement completed by suggesting a solution
    - The parties are entitled to have legal representatives; Consumers may be represented by consumer associations;
    - A new Filter stage was introduced - the file is completed, the parties accept the timetable, the concliator is confrimed by the parties;
  • B. Procedures for Dispute Settlement finalized with imposing a solution:
    - Until the establishment of an arbitral tribunal, the parties may decide whether or not to stay within the proceedings;
    - Documents can be sent by e-mail;
    - Establishment of Special Tribunal - if one party is not contentwith the arbitrator appointed by the other party;
    - Witness interogations is excluded as evidence.

The European Regions Airline Association (ERA), ECA, IATA, EHA, ACI Europe, IACA, A4E, IFALPA, IFATCA and CANSO have jointly requested a number of measures to be taken urgently in order to ensure safe drone operations and to maintain the high level of safety at EU level.

Drones have rapidly become popular and are being used for both commercial and recreational purposes. As a result of the increased use of drone, incidents and near misses between aircrfat and drones were reported and the number of incidents is growing fast. The use of drones without responsibility is a huge safety risk and it is not perceived at its real potential that leadiing to a joint Statement on behalf of the industry requesting:

  • Extensive public capaign to raise awarness on the safety risks and safety aspects involved in the use of drones;
  • Compulsory registration of all drones at the time of purchase or resale;
  • Mandatory training and a certificate/licence fro drone pilots;
  • Compliance with EU and national regulations;
  • Built-in technical performance limitations such as geo-fencing and altitude/distance restrictions;
  • In-depth research into the effects of collisions between drones and manned aircraft;
  • Integration of recreational drones into national Model Aircraft Flying Regulations
  • Increase in the effectiveness of rule enforcement by national authorities.

The EU Parliament adopted on July 6, 2016 the EU Directive on security of networks and information systems (NIS Directive) which came into force in August this year and benefits of a period of 21 months to be implemented by Member States.

The Direcive is part of the 2013 EU Cybersecurity Strategy. The purpose of the NIS Directive is to ensure a common level of security of networks and information systems in the EU and requires operators or digital service providers to adopt appropriate measures for preventing and managing the risk and report serious incidents to national competent authorities.

The beneficiaries of this Directive are:

  • Operators of critical infrastructures in the following sectors: energy, transport, banking, financial market infrastructure, health, water, infrastructure, digital


  • Certain digital businesses that are considered to be of general importance when it comes to cybersecurity (so-called ‘digital service providers’ – “DSP”): online marketplaces (which allow businesses to set up shops on the marketplace in order to make their products and services available online), cloud computing services and search engines.

Measures to be implemented:

  • Technical and organizational measures which are appropriate and proportional to the risk;
  • Measures should ensure a level of security of network and information systems appropriate to the risks;
  • Measures to prevent minimize the impact of incidents on IT systems used to provide services.

The Directive requires Member States to develop their own strategies in cyber security by defining policies in this regard, developing national legal framework and appointment of the national competent authorities. In order to ensure adequate cross–border cooperation with the relevant authorities in other Member States a national single point of contact must be designated which will exercise a liaison function.

The UNCITRAL Secretariat Guide on the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards 0f 1958 has been published UNCITRAL. The Guide aims to promote the unifrom and effective interpretation and application of the New York Convention, as well as limiting the risk that State practice departs from the core provisions of the Convention. The Guide is accompanied by an online platform that supplements it by making available case law from multiple common law and civil law juridictions.

For more information visit:
UNCITRAL Guide on the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards of 1958